How to Handle Dental Injuries or Trauma

man sitting on couch with a dental injury

Dental trauma refers to any injury or trauma to the teeth, mouth, or surrounding structures. Dental accidents can occur unexpectedly and cause significant discomfort and distress. Knowing how to respond promptly and appropriately to dental trauma is crucial for minimising potential complications and ensuring the best possible outcome. In this blog post, we will explore dental trauma, immediate steps to take when you experience dental trauma, treatment options for different types of dental trauma, and preventive measures to avoid potential injuries.

Understanding Dental Trauma and its Causes

Dental trauma can result from various incidents, such as accidents, falls, sports injuries, or even biting down on a hard object. The severity of dental trauma can vary, ranging from minor chips and fractures to more severe conditions like knocked-out teeth or dislodged teeth. It is important to understand the causes and potential risks associated with dental trauma to better protect yourself and respond effectively in case of an emergency.

Immediate Steps to Take When You Experience Dental Trauma

Dental trauma requires prompt attention and action. Here are the immediate steps to take if you experience a dental injury or trauma:

  • Step 1: Stay calm and assess the situation – Assess the extent of the injury and determine if it is a dental emergency that requires immediate attention.
  • Step 2: Control bleeding or swelling if present – Gently rinse your mouth with warm saltwater and apply a cold compress to the affected area to reduce swelling. If there is bleeding, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or gauze.
  • Step 3: Handle a knocked-out tooth properly – If a tooth is completely knocked out, handle it carefully by the crown (the visible part) and avoid touching the root. Rinse the tooth with water if it is dirty, but do not scrub or remove any tissue fragments.
  • Step 4: Save any broken tooth fragments if applicable – If a tooth is broken or fractured, try to save any broken fragments. Rinse them with water and keep them in a container with milk, saline solution, or saliva to help preserve them.
  • Step 5: Seek immediate professional dental care – Contact your dentist or visit an emergency dental clinic as soon as possible. Time is critical when it comes to successful treatment and preservation of dental structures.

woman sitting on a couch with a dental trauma and dental injury

Treatment Options for Different Types of Dental Trauma

The treatment options for dental trauma depend on the type and severity of the injury. Here are some common types of dental trauma and their respective treatment considerations:

Type of Dental Trauma #1: Fractured or Broken Tooth

Treatment options and considerations:

  • Dental bonding: For minor chips or fractures, dental bonding can be used to restore the tooth’s appearance and function.
  • Dental crown: More extensive fractures may require a dental crown to protect and strengthen the tooth.
  • Root canal therapy: If the dental trauma extends to the pulp of the tooth, root canal therapy may be necessary to treat infection or save the tooth.

Type of Dental Trauma #2: Avulsed (Knocked-Out) Tooth

How to increase chances of successful re-implantation:

  • Immediate actions to take: Keep the avulsed tooth moist by placing it back in its socket (if possible) or storing it in milk, saline solution, or saliva.
  • Transporting the avulsed tooth properly: Handle the tooth by the crown and avoid touching the root. Seek professional dental care immediately to increase the chances of successful re-implantation.

Type of Dental Trauma #3: Dislodged Tooth (Luxation)

Treatment and management:

  • Re-positioning the tooth: Your dentist may reposition the dislodged tooth and stabilise it using splints.
  • Splinting the tooth: Splinting involves bonding the affected tooth to the neighbouring teeth for a period of time to allow the supporting structures to heal.
  • Follow-up dental care: Regular follow-up appointments will be necessary to monitor the healing progress and ensure the tooth’s long-term stability.

Preventing Dental Trauma: Tips for Avoiding Potential Injuries

While accidents can happen unexpectedly, taking preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of dental trauma. Here are some tips for preventing dental injuries:

  • Use a mouthguard during sports activities or any situation where dental injuries are more likely to occur.
  • Avoid chewing on hard objects like ice, pens, or hard candies that can cause tooth fractures.
  • Maintain good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, to keep your teeth strong and healthy.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleanings to detect and address any potential issues before they worsen.


Dental trauma can be distressing, but knowing how to respond quickly and appropriately can make a significant difference in the outcome. If you experience dental trauma, stay calm, control bleeding or swelling, handle knocked-out teeth or broken fragments properly, and seek immediate professional dental care. Different types of dental trauma require specific treatment options, and preventive measures can help reduce the risk of injuries. Remember, timely intervention and regular dental care are essential for preserving the health and longevity of your teeth.